According to medical reviews, urinary tract infection is one of the most common microbial infections that afflicts children. More information revealed that boys with UTI who are less than a year old suffer from urinary tract infection more frequently than girl infants of the same age range.
However, after age one, UTI incidences are more common among girls. In both cases however and due to their young age, doctors have given advice for the early treatment of urinary tract infection in children to avoid complications. Medical findings have shown that children tend to develop renal scarring, which can either lead to impaired renal function or hypertension.
Unlike adults, children especially infants cannot express the discomfort they feel whenever they are beset by UTI. Hence treatments often get delayed because the parents are not immediately warned about their child’s UTI condition. This is one of the reasons why some children are not given immediate treatment of urinary tract infection.
In fact, there are even cases of children suffering from reflux or gastroenteritis as a resulting complication of the untreated UTI. Parents should therefore watch out for the following symptoms that may occur in their infants:
For Infants and children who still lack communication skills:
4. Jaundice or yellowing of skin
7. Foul smelling urine
8. Inability to take in the prepared feeding formula, due to abdominal pain
Older and toilet trained children:
1. Frequency of urine discharge
2. Dryness of urine discharge
3. Incontinence or inability to hold urine
4. Cloudy and foul smelling urine
5. Abdominal pain and tenderness in the lower belly
7. Lethargy and an unusual lack of interest for physical activity
9. Lack of interest in food or the prepared formula
What are the Possible Courses of Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Children
1. The doctor will prescribe 10 days of oral antibiotic medication.
2. If the child cannot tolerate oral antibiotic treatment, the antibiotic medication will be given by intravenous method.
3. Children are expected to respond to antibiotic treatments within 24 hours.Hence if a child does not show any signs of improvement within 24 to 48 hours, parents are advised to bring the child back for re-evaluation to his or her pediatrician.
4. If the child’s urinary tract infection becomes acute or persistent, the treatment of urinary tract infection should be referred to secondary care which entails confinement in a hospital for medical attention under the supervision of a specialist.
Preventive Measures to be Taken to Avoid the Recurrence of UTI
1. Change the child’s diaper as soon as it is soiled.
2. Clean the child’s genitals and the surrounding area during diaper changes.
3. When using baby wipes, wipe from front to back to avoid the transfer of bacteria from the anus to genitals.
4. Avoid soaking your child in bubble baths.
5. Avoid using disposable diapers containing gel substance as these types of diapers contain harmful chemicals.
6. Tight or snug-fit diapers often trap the baby’s genitals in heat and moisture emitted by the baby’s urine. This condition promotes the bacteria to thrive and multiply.
7. Encourage your baby to drink more water aside from the feeding formula.
Doctors particularly pediatricians, give advice for parents to investigate the reasons why infants or toddlers who still cannot communicate, fret and show signs of irritability. Infants communicate their discomfort or pain by way of crying.
Hence, be more observant of your child’s development in order to discern any changes in their mode of behavior. This way, early treatment of urinary tract infections and other health disorders can be given immediate attention.